Nissan Titan XD

5.0L Cummins Powered Nissan Titan XD

Unveiled at the 2015 North American International Auto Show in Detroit Michigan, the Nissan Titan XD’s development can be traced back to August of 2013 when both automaker Nissan Motors and engine manufacturer Cummins Inc confirmed they had partnered to bring a 5.0L Cummins turbodiesel to the Titan pickup truck platform. The 5.0L Cummins was reportedly offered to FCA’s Ram Truck division, whom turned down the engine in favor of a smaller, more fuel efficient engine from Italian manufacturer VM Motori. The Nissan Titan XD first went on sale near the end of December 2015 at a starting price of $41,485 USD. The engine option was retired from the Titan XD following the 2019 model year, with many industry experts suggesting that the decision stems from poor sales of Titan XD models. For 2020, the Titan XD is only available with Nissan's gas powered Endurance V-8.

With multiple sub-models available and no shortage of options, the Nissan Titan XD can quickly accrue a price tag of over $60,000. A fully boxed “ladder” frame is employed to provide sufficient structural integrity for the Titan’s tow ratings, which exceeds 12,000 lbs on properly equipped trucks. The heart of the Nissan XD is Cummins’ 5.0L V-8, which produces a maximum 310 horsepower and 555 lb-ft of torque. In addition to the Holset M2 turbocharger system, the Cummins’ unique features include dual overhead camshafts and a weight saving CGI engine block. Moreover, the V-8 Cummins utilizes a traditional glow plug system (a single glow plug in each combustion chamber) as opposed to the heater grid setup found on the company's I-6 engines. The 5.0L V-8 also features the typical emissions aftertreatment system, which includes a diesel particulate filter and selective catalytic reduction process, requiring the use of diesel exhaust fluid (DEF). Power is transmitted through a heavy duty Aisin 6 speed automatic transmission.

Holset M2 Sequential Turbocharger System

The Holset M2 sequential turbocharger found on the 5.0L Cummins is likely the most complex and advanced system currently produced for an OEM application. The system is based on the concept of twin turbocharging but utilizes a patented rotary valve to control the flowrate of exhaust gases between the two individual turbochargers. The system is comprised of a low pressure and high pressure turbocharger, the compressor side of which is plumbed in a sequential arrangement - ambient air is drawn through the larger low pressure turbocharger which feeds into the smaller high pressure turbo. The exhaust side of this system is where the operation becomes interesting; a rotary valve controls the division of exhaust gases between the turbines of the high and low pressure turbochargers.

(1) At low engine speeds, the valve position allows exhaust gases to travel through the high pressure (small) turbine and then the low pressure (large) turbine. At this stage, the low pressure turbo contributes very little and the majority of energy available from the exhaust gases is extracted by the high pressure turbocharger. The result is quick turbocharger spooling and off-idle throttle response.

(2) As engine speed increases, the rotary valve increasingly diverts exhaust gases directly through the turbine of the larger turbocharger, bypassing the high pressure turbo. This is necessary as airflow demands increase with engine speed, as the high pressure turbo can only supply a limited amount of air.

(3) At high engine speeds, the rotary valve diverts almost all exhaust energy through the large turbine, bypassing the high pressure (small) turbo altogether. Since the high pressure turbo's contributions are negligible at this point, a valve on the compressor side of the system allows the low pressure turbocharger to bypass airflow around the compressor of the high pressure turbocharger in order to reduce restriction. At this point, the rotary valve also acts as a wastegate to prevent an over-boost condition.

(4) The rotary valve also functions as an aid to the active regeneration system, increasing the restriction in the exhaust system in order to reduce efficiency and increase heat in the exhaust system as necessary to facilitate cleaning of the DPF.


5.0L Cummins V-8 Specs (Cummins ISV5.0)


Cummins ISV5.0


90° V-8

Production Plant:

Cummins Engine Plant in Columbus, Indiana


5.0 liters, 305 CID


3.701 inches (94 mm)


3.543 inches (90 mm)

Compression Ratio:

16.3 : 1

Block Material:

CGI (compacted graphite iron)

Cyl. Head Material:

Aluminum alloy


4 valves per cylinder, dual overhead camshafts (DOHC)

Injection System:

High pressure common rail, 29,000 psi max injection pressures, capable of multiple injection events per cycle


Turbocharged, two-stage Holset M2 turbocharger

Starting Aids:

Bosch ceramic glow plugs (1 per cylinder)

Fuel Requirements:

ULSD or B10 biodiesel, minimum cetane rating of 42 in ambient temperatures greater than 32° F, 45 in ambient temperatures less than 32° F

Engine Oil Capacity:

10 qts w/ filter

Engine Oil Requirements:

10W-30 (normal) or 5W-40 (cold climates only), oil must adhere to API CJ-4 low ash specifications

Engine Weight:

899 lbs dry

Emissions Systems:

• Cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR)
• Diesel particular filter (DPF)
• Selective catalytic reduction (SCR, requiring diesel exhaust fluid)


310 hp @ 3,200 rpm


555 lb-ft @ 1,600 rpm


Nissan Titan XD Specs

Base Price:

$41,485 USD (2016 MY)


S, SV, PRO-4X, SL, Platinum Reserve


5.0L Cummins V-8 Turbodiesel


Aisin A466ND 6 speed automatic

Transfer Case:

Magna TX91A

4 Low Range:

2.717 : 1

4 High Range:

1.00 : 1

Front Axle:

9.5" AAM, IFS

Rear Axle:

10.5" AAM

Axle Ratio (Final Drive):

3.916 : 1

Curb Weight:

4x2 Models

6,709 lbs - 7,204 lbs (varies with sub-model & options)

4x4 Models

6,986 lbs - 7,480 lbs (varies with sub-model & options)


8,800 lbs - 8,992 (varies with sub-model & options)


19,455 lbs

Max Payload:

2,091 lbs

Max Conventional Tow*:

4x2 Models

12,314 lbs ("S" sub-model, properly equipped)

4x4 Models

12,038 lbs ("S" sub-model, properly equipped)

Max 5th Wheel Tow*:

4x2 Models

11,827 lbs ("SV" sub-model, properly equipped)

4x4 Models

11,252 lbs ("SV" sub-model, properly equipped)

Fuel Capacity:

26 gallons

DEF Capacity:

4.5 gallons

Oil Change Interval**:

10,000 miles normal, 5,000 miles severe

Fuel Filter Service:

10,000 miles, replace frame mounted & engine mounted fuel filters, drain fuel water separator

Transmission Service:

Replace transmission fluid and filter every 20,000 miles

Cooling System Service:

Flush cooling system every 45,000 miles or 36 months

Cooling System Capacity:

4.375 gallons (16.5 liters)

* Conventional and 5th wheel/gooseneck tow ratings adhere to SAE J2807 specifications.
** Change oil at recommended interval or as instructed by "Service Due Now" warning indicator; indicator may signal a required oil change before the maximum recommended interval.